Aspects on European Executive Titles

  • George Măgureanu
Keywords: Execution; enforceable titles; European executory titles; European legislation

Abstract

The second phase of the civil law enforcement process is of great utility for finalizing the procedure for the effective execution of the creditor's claim if the debtor does not voluntarily execute the performance ordered by the court in the ruling which it pronounces or the provided in other enforceable titles. It is also of great utility to ask the complainant, in the event of winning the trial, to take a decision that has the character of an enforceable European title, a title that can be enforced in the countries of the European Union without the application for recognition and enforcement in the executing State, which is competent to carry out the service listed in that title, shall be required. The paper aims to provide an innovative approach to enforcement in general, especially in the field of European Enforcement Titles, by applying an analytical interpretative method, through which it is possible to construct relevant explanatory formulas on the legal framework contained in the Code civil procedure and European legislation. We will focus our research on the legal framework in art. 632-643 of the Civil Procedure Code, without omitting other legal texts contained in the Code of Civil Procedure that are compatible with the subject, as amended by Law no. 138/2014. By extending the theoretical analysis on executory titles, we considered the particularities presented by the European executory titles, the development of the methodological framework, by joining the interpretative method, the comparative method of research, in order to be able to analyze both the restricted framework of the Civil Procedure Code dedicated to executory titles Article 636) as well as the framework of the European norms applicable to theme themes.

References

Code of Civil Procedure.
Deleanu, I., Mitea, V., & Deleanu, S. (2013). Noul Cod de Procedură Civilă. Comentarii pe articole. Volumul II. Bucharest: Universul Juridic.
EC Regulation no. 805/2004 of 21 April 2001 on the creation of a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims.
EC Regulation no. 2201/2003 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and in matters of parental responsibility.
EC Regulation no. 4/2009 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of judgments and co-operation in matters relating to maintenance obligations.
EC Regulation no. Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters
Evelina, O. (2010). Studiu asupra diferitelor categorii de titluri executorii. Revista Română de Executare Silită, pp. 22.
Gârbuleţ, I. (2014). Actele executorului judecătoresc. Bucharest: Universul Juridic.
Leş, I. (2009). Tratat de drept procesual civil, ed. a IV-a. Bucharest: C.H. Beck.
Măgureanu, F. (2015). Drept procesual civil, ediţie revăzută, modificată şi completată, inclusiv cu prevederile aduse de Legea nr. 138/2014. Bucharest: Universul Juridic.
Măgureanu, F. & Berna, B. (2016). Theoretical Analysis of Enforceable Titles. particularities of the European executory titles. International Conference. Bucharest: Romanian-American University, .
Măgureanu, F. & Măgureanu, G. (2007). Titlurile executorii europene. Revista Română de Executare Silită, 37-46.
Măgureanu, G. & Măgureanu, F. (2012). Consideraţii privind reglementări aduse de noul Cod de procedură civilă referitor la realizarea activităţii de executare silită în termen optim şi previzibil şi cu publicitate. Revista Română de Executare Silită, 54-63.
Oprina, E. & Gârbuleţ, I. (2013). Tratat teoretic şi practic de executare silită, vol. I şi II. Bucharest: Universul Juridic.
Practical Guide to the application of the European Enforcement Order Regulation,
Sion, C. (1943). Căile de execuţie. Iasi.
Stoenescu, I.; Hilsenrad, A. & Zilberstein, S. (1966). Tratat teoretic şi practic de procedură a executării silite. Bucharest: Academiei.
Zilberstein, S. & Ciobanu, V. M. (1996). Drept procesual civil. Executarea silită, vol. I şi II. Bucharest: Lumina Lex.
Published
2020-09-23
Section
Studies and Articles