Forgery of Official Instruments
This study presents a brief analysis of the forgery of official instruments offence, through
the lens of new regulations. The analysis included some resembling provisions, as well as differing
provisions between the regulations in force and the previous one. Both the objective, as well as the
subjective aspect of the offence have been taken into consideration, as well as some opinions about
forms, modalities and legal precedents. Novelty elements concern both the analysis itself in relation to
recent doctrine, as well as recent and relevant case law. The paper may be useful both for the
academic environment, as well as for practitioners, and it will be published in the volume of a
Badulescu, G. S., & Ionescu, G. T. (1911). Codul penal adnotat /The Annotated Criminal Code,
Romanian and French jurisprudence and doctrine, with a preface by I. Tanoviceanu, professor of law
at the University of Bucharest. Ed. Tip Ziarului CURIERUL JUDICIAR 5, Rahovei, 5.
DEX. (2009). Dicționarul Explicativ al limbii române/The Explanatory Dictionary of the Romanian
language. Bucharest: Univers, Enciclopedie Gold.
Dongoroz, V., Kahane, S., Oancea, I., Fodor, I., Iliescu, N., Bulai, C., Roșca, V. (1972). Explicații
teoretice ale Codului penal român/ Theoretical explanations of the Romanian Criminal Code.
Bucharest: Romanian Academy Publishing House.
Iugan, A. V. (2020). Codul penal adnotat. Partea specială. Jurisprudența națională 2014 –
/Annotated criminal code. The special part. National jurisprudence 2014 - 2020. Bucharest:
Justice, M. J. (1936). Codul penal Carol al II-lea/Criminal Code of Carol II. Bucharest: Monitorul
Oficial si Imprimeriile statului.
Papadopolu, M. (1932). Codul legilor penale/Code of Criminal Law. Bucharest: Tipografiile Romane
Rătescu, C. G., Ionescu-Dolj, I., Periețeanu, I. G., Dongoroz, V., Aznavorian, H., Pop, T., Pavelescu,
N. (1937). Criminal Code Carol II, Annotated, vol. II, Special Part I, art. 184-442/Codul penal Carol
al II-lea, Adnotat, vol. II, Partea specială I, art. 184-442. Bucharest: Librăriei SOCEC& Co., S.A.
Ristea, I. (2020). Drept penal, Partea specială, Curs universitar, vol. II/ Criminal law, Special part,
University course, vol. II. Bucharest: Universul Juridic.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Bogdan Bîrzu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.