Who has Created the Work?

Albanian Legal Framework and Cases on False Attribution of Authorship

  • Ergysa Ikonomi Law Department, "Ismail Qemali" University of Vlora
Keywords: authorship, the right of attribution, false attribution, disclaim, right of integrity


The act of creating a work is often described like the birth of a child, which naturally establishes a unique affiliation relationship between the author and his work, legally known as the right of attribution.

The paper aims to clarify if the Albanian right of attribution “contains” the sub right to disclaim authorship through analyzing the right of attribution provided by the new Albanian Law on Author’s Rights and how it is claimed in court.

The paper will also explain the ways false attribution can infringe two most distinguished author’s rights: the right of attribution and the right of integrity and will highlight the difficulties to protect them through long and high-cost litigation process.



Caruso, M. A. (2011). Temi di Diritto dei Beni Immateriali e della Concorrenza, Giuffree Editore, 153. Retrieved March 13, 2019, from: https://books.google.al/books?id=uhpWrEaL1QoC&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=il+diritto+di+negare+la+paternit%C3%A0+dell%27opera&source=bl&ots=HU0D33rL1I&sig=ACfU3U0wGZUu9BMWcZMgONMwXlucjqjzpg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiZzIKPppjoAhURZMAKHSp1CowQ6AEwAnoECAsQAQ#v=onepage&q=il%20diritto%20di%20negare%20la%20paternit%C3%A0%20dell'opera&f=false
Desai, Ch. (2012). Authorship issues. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 44 (4), 434. Retrieved March 17, 2020, from:
Ikonomi, E. & Zyberaj, J. (2017). E Drejta e Re e Autorit në Shqipëri dhe të drejtat e lidhura, Botimet Pegi, Tiranë, 54- 61.
Hatch, O. G. (1989). Better late than Never: Implementation of the 1886 Berne Convention. Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 22 (1), 173-174. Retrieved January 14, 2020, from: https://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1212&context=cilj
Hicks, K. B. (2015). The right to say “I didn’t write that”: Creating a cause of action to combat false attribution of authorship on the internet. Journal of Intellectual Property Law, 22 (5), 383. Retrieved March 14, 2020, from: https://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=jipl
Peeler, C. D. (1999). From the providence of Kings to Copyrighted things (and French Moral Rights). Indiana International & Comparative Law Review Vol. 9 (2). 426. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from:
Rigamonti, C. P. (2007). The Conceptual Transformation of Moral Rights, The American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 55, 70. Retrieved January 11, 2020, from:
Schéré, E. (2018). Where is the Morality? Moral Rights in International intellectual Property and Trade Law. Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 42 (6), 775. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from:
Standler, R. B. (2012). Moral rights of the Authors in USA, 5. Retrieved December 16, 2019, from: http://www.rbs2.com/moral.pdf
Zemer, L. (2011). Moral Rights: Limited Edition. Boston University Law Review, Vol. 91, 1519. Retrieved December 12, 2019, from:
WIPO (2016). Understanding Copyright and Related Rights, 24. Retrieved March 10, 2020, from: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_909_2016.pdf
Albanian Criminal Code
Albanian Law 9380/2005 “On Author’s Right and Other Neighboring Rights”.
Albanian Law 35/2016 “On Author’s Rights and Other Neighboring Rights”.
Albanian High Court, Decision No. 371, 2015
Tirana Court of Appeal, Decision No. 1391, 2016
Tirana District Court, Decision No. 1711, 2007
Tirana District Court, Decision No. 6515, 2009
Tirana District Court, Decision No. 6888, 2012
Studies and Articles