Fiscal Imbalance and Macroeconomic Instability in Nigeria: Implications for National Development

  • Ubong Effiong University of Uyo
  • Supper Okijie University of Uyo
Keywords: macroeconomic management; budget deficit; fiscal policy; Olivera-Tanzi effect


This paper sought to investigate the influence of fiscal imbalance on inflation and economic growth in Nigeria for the period
1981 to 2019. In this paper, we utilized the ordinary least squares (OLS) approach in achieving the set objective. The
correlation analysis was also utilized to ascertain the nature of the relationship between fiscal imbalance and inflation and
economic growth. The correlation analysis revealed that fiscal imbalance has a positive relationship with economic growth,
but a negative relationship with inflation. From the regression analysis, it was discovered that fiscal imbalance has a positive
and significant effect on economic growth. However, the effect of fiscal imbalance on inflation was negative and statistically
significant. Though fiscal imbalance may propel economic growth, it tends to accelerate inflation in the Nigerian economy
over the study period. The policy implication of these findings for national development is that fiscal imbalance should be
augmented with the appropriate discretionary monetary policy to achieve economic growth and price stability


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