Business Administration and Business Economics
Poverty encompasses deprivation in multiple welfare dimensions but only few poverty
studies in Nigeria have put this in consideration, thus, this study investigates the determinants of multidimensional
poverty among fishing households in south-western Nigeria. Data were obtained from 448
fishing households using structured questionnaire. Three coastal States (Ogun, Ondo and Lagos) and
three Local Government Areas (LGAs) per State, resulting in 100 communities proportionally drawn
from the study area. Socio-demographic data were obtained on thirteen identified welfare indicators.
The Alkire-Foster’s dimension-adjusted poverty measure were computed (and compared with the unidimensional
Foster-Greer-Thorbecke measure) while determinants of household multidimensional
poverty were estimated using the logit regression model. A multi-dimensional poverty cut-off value of
8 was obtained out of the 13 indicators directly linked to welfare status of the households. Poverty
headcount ratio was 0.6 while dimension-adjusted poverty incidence, depth and severity were 34.2%,
16.0% and 7.6%, respectively. Being fully engaged in fishing (0.13), using dugout canoes (0.11), and
living on-shores (3.13) increased the probability of households’ multi-dimensional poverty while high
educational attainment (-0.005), income (- 0.14) and land size (-0.11) reduced it. Engaging mainly in
onshore activities (p=0.01), human capital endowment (p=0.10) and belonging to polygamous family
contributed significantly (p = 0.01) to inequality in the poverty rates between the two coastal subpopulation
groups. Improved access to formal education and use of motorised canoes were
recommended for reducing the poverty incidence among the fishing households.
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