The Use of CFD Methods in the Shipbuilding Industry and Their Benefits
Keywords:CFD simulation; ship industry; towing tanks; ship design
CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical methods and algorithms to analyze and solve problems involving fluid flow. In general, in the shipbuilding industry, when it is desired to validate a ship model, in order to determine its resistance, as well as the ship's behavior on waves, model tests are used in towing tanks. But resistance in calm waters and resistance in waves are not the only naval characteristics studied in the towing tanks. There are also tests in the basin and cavitation tunnels for testing propellers, tests for vessel's maneuvering behavior, and much more. Unfortunately, these tests involve high prices and last a long time, and in the future the aim is to replace these tests with CFD simulations that last much less and involve much lower costs, and the accuracy of the results is satisfactory. This study provides an overview of CFD simulations, their benefits and disadvantages.
Yufeng Wei. (2017). The development and application of CFD technology in mechanical engineering. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, doi:10.1088/1757-899X/274/1/012012.
A.-M Chirosca, L. Rusu. (2021). Comparison between Model Test and Three CFD Studies for a Benchmark Container Ship. J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 9, 62., doi: 10.3390/jmse9010062.
A.-M Chirosca, L. Rusu, F. Pacuraru. (2021). Study on the behavior of benchmark container ships in regular waves, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 1182 012013.
Ravindra Babu, Kudupudi & Saji, V & Das, H. Nirjhar. (2014). CFD simulation of ship maneuvering. Conference:International Conference on Computational Experimental Marine Hydrodynamics MARHY.
A. A. Aksenov, A.V. Pechenyuk, D. Vučinić. (2015). Ship hull form design and optimization based on CFD, Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-02887-6.
K. Abhiroop, Varada Saidas, B. M. Shameem. (2018). A review on the advancement of CFD technique in ship hydrodynamics, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research (IJCER), Volume 08, Issue 12.
 Jeong Hwa Seo, Dong Myung Seol, Ju Hyun Lee, Shin Hyung Rhee, Flexible. (2010). CFD meshing strategy for prediction of ship resistance and propulsion performance, International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 139-145, ISSN 2092-6782, doi: 10.2478/IJNAOE-2013-0030.
 ITTC – Recommended Procedures and Guidelines, Practical Guidelines for Ship CFD Applications. (2011). 26th ITTC Specialist Committee on CFD in Marine Hydrodynamics
 Kevin W. Linfield, Ph.D., P.E. Robert G. Mudry, P.E, Pros and Cons of CFD and Physical Flow Modeling, August. (2008). Airflow Sciences Corporation
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.