The Possibilities of Detecting the Manipulation Risk of Information Presented in the Annual Economic Entities’ Financial Statements - Theoretical nd Practical Particularities


  • Gabriela Mangu (Giurea) Valahia University Târgoviște
  • Marilena Roxana Zuca Romanian-American University
  • Georgiana - Janina Soare Valahia University Târgoviște


creative accounting; risk of accounting manipulation; the Beneish model; the Robu model; detection of risk of accounting manipulation


The creative accounting uses a range of techniques and practices through which the economic entities can change the picture of their financial position and performance.  On this regard, items of the balance sheet and income statement are distorted and presented to users of financial and accounting information. The activities of creative accounting on annual accounts involve a series of risks assumed by the management of the entity, and these risks might  be diminished by implementing strategies to detect and limit the mechanisms for handling financial and accounting information. Nevertheless, this is difficult to be successful if we take into account the fact that managers largely aim at making use of  creative accounting, acting under cover of its legality.

Author Biographies

Marilena Roxana Zuca, Romanian-American University

Ph.D Associate Professor

Georgiana - Janina Soare, Valahia University Târgoviște

Ph. D. student


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How to Cite

Mangu (Giurea), G., Zuca, M. R., & Soare, G. .-. J. (2023). The Possibilities of Detecting the Manipulation Risk of Information Presented in the Annual Economic Entities’ Financial Statements - Theoretical nd Practical Particularities. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica, 19(2). Retrieved from



Financial Economics