Integration of Entrepreneurship Development in the Almajiri Educational System in Katsina State Nigeria
Keywords:Entrepreneurship development; Integration; Almajiri; Education; Katsina State
Despite the establishment of Almajiri formal education in 2012, Nigeria is still experiencing
high number of almajiri across the country most especially, the Northern parts. The failure of the recent
almajiri formal schools in Northern Nigeria to reduce or eradicate the number of almajiri children
roaming the streets and begging for alms calls for a great concern. Therefore, this study aimed at
integrating almajiri system of education with the basic entrepreneurship skills programmes and to assess
the effect of the integration on the entrepreneurship development, using 144 valid responses received
from mallams from Almajiri schools, staff of ministries of education and boards of Arabic and Islamic
studies across the 3 senatorial districts of Katsina State. The study utilized convenience and purposive
sampling techniques in the selection of the respondents due to heterogeneous nature of the population
and the absence of knowledge about the sample frame. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies,
percentages, mean, minimum and maximum values were used in data presentation; while multiple
regression technique was used in assessing the effect of the study variables. Major findings indicate
that integration of Almajiri system of education with basic entrepreneurship skills has positive and significant effect on entrepreneurship development. The study therefore concludes that integration of
Almajiri system of education with basic entrepreneurship skills is achievable and that it will enhance
entrepreneurship, and ultimately economic, activities in the state. The study recommends that the
Almajiri system of education should be integrated with entrepreneurship skills; as doing so will foster
Abdul Kadir, J. A. (2003). The Almajiri System of Education Today. The 21st convocation Lecture.
Kano: Bayero University Kano.
Adebowale, B. A.; Sunday, B.I. & Hakeem, A. O. I. (2016). Almajiri informal and entrepreneurial
education for resourcefulness of street urchins in Nigeria. American International Journal of research
in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, p. 77.
Akanni, A. A. (2006). Profiling a model for the administration of Zakat in a multi-Religious society:
The case of South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Philosophy and Culture, 2, p. 130.
Alechenu, J. (2012). Odds against the almajiri education. Retrieved from www. punching.com
Anugwom, E. E. (2002). Entrepreneurship in Nigeria: Principles and practice. Enugu: RhyceKerex
Bukar, U. (2011). Helping the Almajiri. FRCN daily commentary recorded 04-02-11.
Chapra, M. (2015). Activation of Zakat system. The Muslim World League Journal, p. 45.
Fowoyo, J. T. (2013). Transforming the Almajiri education for the benefit of Nigeria Society. Journal
of Educational and
Hair, F.; Black, W. C.; Babin, B. J.; Anderson, R. E. &Tatham, R. L. (2010). Multivariate data analysis
(7th ed.). New
Hair, J. F.; Ringle, C. M. & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing
Iro, A. & Surulola, J. E. (2013). From Alms to Arms: The Almajiri phenomenon and international
security in Northern Nigeria. The Korean Journal of Policy studies. 28, (3), p. 117.
Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Kabiru I. (2012). The north and almajiri phenomenon. Retrieved from
Kumolu, C. (20 April, 2012). Almajiri education: Modern gang-up against ancient tradition. Nigerian
Okoro, D. (2012). Concretizing the Almajiri education policy in Nigeria. Retrieved from
Oladosu, A.G.A.S. (2012). Arabic and Islamic education in Nigeria: The case of Almajiri Schools.
World Academy of
Practice, 19, pp. 139- 151.
Robert; D. H.; Micheal, P. P. & Dean, A. S. (2009). Entrepreneurship (African Edition). McGraw- Hill
Science, Engineering and Technology, 71, pp. 1820-1824.
Social Research, p. 71.
Suleiman, A. S (2006). The Business Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur Development small and Medium
Enterprises, 2nd Edition. Kaduna: Entrepreneurship Academy.
Swain, A. K. P. C. (2008). A Text Book of Research Methodology. New Delhi, India: Kalyani
Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2007).Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson Educational
How to Cite
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.