The Relationship between Stress – Coping – Resilience in Children with Diabetes
Keywords:stress; coping; resilience; wellbeing; quality of life
The article underlines the close connection between the stress associated with the chronic disease, the cognitive or behavioral strategies used to reduce the unpleasant emotions generated by the disease and resilience as an attitude and ability to overcome the disabling chronic disease condition in children with type I diabetes, considering the fact that the aim is to determine the child's well-being and normalcy without majorly affecting his functioning. Resilience involves the association of experiences, thoughts with the difficult situation and involves the action of all internal resources to restore balance and the state of adaptation in a positive way, so that the child with diabetes can face strong emotions, but also have a normal development. The environment with which they interact is particularly important for the child as it favors a series of adequate or inadequate coping strategies. As children grow, their cognitive strategies for emotional regulation improve and help determine their coping style in stressful situations. In order to be able to observe the effects of stress in children with diabetes, we must analyze their own way of adapting to the disease from the perspective of their psychosocial functioning. Diabetes and stress seem to be interconnected, so that stress can be both the cause and the direct consequence of diabetes-related problems. Emotional stress can affect hormone levels, disrupting insulin physiology. Thus, the triad of perceived stress - coping - resilience leads us to a state of well-being and to an increase in the quality of life.
American Psychological Association (2010) - The road to resilience. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/road-resilience.aspx
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022) - National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/about/
Boekaerts Monique, Röder Irma (1999) - Stress, coping, and adjustment in children with a chronic disease: A review of the literature, Disability and Rehabilitation 21(7):311-37, PubMed, DOI: 10.1080/096382899297576
Booth, J.W., Neill, J.T. (2017) - Coping strategies and the development of psychological resilience, Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education 20, 47–54. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03401002
Compas, B. E., Connor-Smith, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2001) - Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research, Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87–127. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.127.1.87
Coulson, Justin (2017) – 9 ways to a resilient child, Publisher: ABC Books, ISBN: 9780733334825
Eiser Cnristine (1996) - Helping the Child with Chronic Disease: Themes and Directions. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1996;1(4):551-561. doi:10.1177/1359104596014007
Eiser C, Morse R (2001) - A review of measures of quality of life for children with chronic illness, Arch Dis Child. 2001 Mar; 84(3): 205–211., doi: 10.1136/adc.84.3.205
Flach, F. (1988). Resilience: Discovering a new strength at times of stress. Ballantine Books.
Hobfoll Stevan E (1989) - Conservation of Resources: A New Attempt at Conceptualizing Stress, April 1989, American Psychologist 44(3):513-24, PubMed, DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.44.3.513
Jaser SS, White LE. (2011) - Coping and resilience in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Child Care Health Dev. 2011 May;37(3):335-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01184.x. Epub 2010 Dec 9. PMID: 21143270; PMCID: PMC3134245.
Jovic Marta, Vulic-Prtoric Anita, Baraban Dunja, Grubic Marina, Brnovic Irena, Padelin Patricija (2009) - Coping strategies and health-related quality of life in children and adolescents
with type 1 diabetes, Review of Psychology, 2009, Vol. 16, No. 1, 29-36
Masten, A. S. (2001) - Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56(3), 227–238. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.227
Ward Rachel N., Brady Abbie J, Jazdzewski Rebekah, Yalch Matthew M (2021) - Stress, Resilience, and Coping, in book: Emotion, Well-Being, and Resilience: Theoretical Perspectives and Practical Applications, Publisher: Apple Academic Press
Park, C., Cohen, L. H., & Herb, L. (1990) - Intrinsic religiousness and religious coping as life stress moderators for Catholics versus Protestants. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(3), 562–574. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.112
Pretzlik Ursula, Sylva Kathy (2000) - Paediatric patients' distress and coping during medical treatment: A self report measure, Archives of Disease in Childhood 81(6):525-7, DOI: 10.1136/adc.81.6.525
Prior, Margot (2015) - Resilience and coping: the role of individual temperament, in Erica Frydenberg (ed.), Learning to Cope: Developing as a Person in Complex Societies (Oxford, 1999; online edn, Oxford Academic, https://doi.org/10.1093/med:psych/9780198503187.003.0002
Repetti, R. L., Taylor, S. E., & Seeman, T. E. (2002). Risky families: Family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring. Psychological Bulletin, 128(2), 330–366. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.128.2.330
Southwick S.M. et al (2014) - Resilience definition, theory and challenges, in European Journal of Psychotraumatology · January 2014, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310752721
Spirito Anthony, Stark Lori J, Gil Karen M., Tyc Vida L. (1995) - Coping with Everyday and Disease-Related Stressors by Chronically III Children and Adolescents, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 34(3):283-290, DOI: 10.1097/00004583-199503000-00011
Spirito Anthony, Stark Lori J, Tyc Vida L. (1994) - Stressors and coping strategies described during hospitalization by chronically ill children, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 23(3):314-322, DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp2303_9
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Didactica Danubiensis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.