Reinterpreting the Keynesian and Neoclassical Growth Models in Zimbabwe: The History of Eonomic Thought in Perspective


  • Shame Mukoka Bindura University of Science Education


Economic Development; Economic Growth; Error Correction Model


This study sought to reinterpret the Keynesians and Neoclassical growth models in the Zimbabwe context. The study adopted an Error Correction Model for estimating annual time series data for the period 1990 to 2020. Out of the five growth models examined, the results of the study confirmed a positive relationship between real GDP and the Harrod-Domar, Solow, Schumpeter and Nurkse growth models, with Lewis growth model exhibiting an inverse relationship, contrary to the positive relationship that underpins the model. The study, recommend the need for the government of Zimbabwe to come up with policies that enhances the attraction of Foreign Direct Investment which could enhance the growth of fixed capital formation. There is also need for revitalization of the industrial sector given that it is operating below capacity as suggested by the study results. The government of Zimbabwe should continue supporting the agricultural sector through its Command agricultural and Pfumvudza initiatives as this would spur agricultural exports, which are key for growth. The government of Zimbabwe should also come up with initiates that enhances innovation, through making budgets for research and development, and enacting laws that govern patents.


[1] Alvi (2016). A manual for selecting sampling techniques in research.
[2] Cohen L, Manion L, Morrison K (2018). Research Methods in Education 8th Edition: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London.
[3] Dawson (2002). Practical Research Methods. How to Books Ltd.
[4] Grant R & Brue S (2007). The Evolution of Economic Thought. Seventh Edition. Thompson Learning Academic Resource Center.
[5] Greener S. (2008). Business Research Methods. Greener and Ventus Publishing Aps.
[6] Guest, G. Bunce, A. and Johnson, L. (2006). How many interviews are enough? An experiment with Data Saturation. Field Methods, 18 (1), 58-82.
[7] Kothari C. R (2004). Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques 2nd Edition: New Age International (P) Ltd Publishers.
[8] Saunders M, Lewis P and Thornhill A (2009). Research Methods for business students 5th Edition: Prentice Hall, Financial Times.
[9] Domar, Evsey D (1947). ‘Expansion and Employment American Economic Review Vol: (37) 34-35.
[10] Findlay, Roland (1980). ‘On W. Arthur Lewis’ Contributions to Economics,’ Scandinavian Journal of Economics Vol (82): 62-76.