Is Agriculture still a Strong Force in Employment Generation in Nigeria? An Empirical Investigation

  • Obiakor Rowland Tochukwu Babcock University
  • Olufemi Samuel Omoyele Redeemer`s University
  • Wahid Damilola Olanipekun American International University
  • Timothy Ayomitunde Aderemi Bells University of Technology


Despite the huge potentials of agriculture and agribusiness in Nigeria, the level of unemployment
remains the issue of concern in the country. Therefore, study regarding agriculture and employment creation in
Nigeria requires an urgent attention. However, few efforts to provide empirical evidence to justify the above
subject matter in past studies have not yielded substantial results. Against this backdrop, this study provided
an empirical answer to the question whether the contribution of agriculture has generated employment in the
Nigerian economy. Consequently, secondary data was utilized from 1990 to 2019 with the application of Fully
Modified Ordinary Least Squares technique and pairwise Granger causality in analysing the collected data. It
is instructive to state that agriculture has a significant impact in employment generation in the country because
a unit change in agricultural value added reduces unemployment rate by 11% in the country. However,
government expenditure on agriculture has not contributed to employment generation in the country because a
unit change in this expenditure leads to 0.036% rise in unemployment rate in the country. Furthermore, the
results from Granger causality analysis confirmed that no feedback relationship exists between agricultural
value added and unemployment rate in Nigeria. In the light of the above findings, this study makes these
recommendations for the policy makers in Nigeria, and as well as its counterparts in Africa by extension as
follows; generating employment in Nigeria requires that the policymakers embarks on policies that would
create value addition to agricultural products in the country. Also, it is expedient that the policymakers in the
country should embark on massive investment in agriculture, and as such creation of employment would be
facilitated in the long run.


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