Agriculture and Employment Creation: Evidence from Nigeria


  • Chidinma Edith Ebere Babcock University
  • J. O. Ajibola Babcock University
  • A. B. Onakoya Babcock University


Agriculture; Employment; Valued Added; Nigeria


In this study, an investigation has been made regarding nexus between agriculture and generated employment in Nigeria from 1990 to 2019, utilizing Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares. The summary of findings in this study could be stated as follows; agricultural value added (AVA) and rate of unemployment had a positive relationship which is significant at 10% level of significance in Nigeria. Government expenditure on agriculture and rate of unemployment had a significant positive relationship in Nigeria. Inflation rate (INF) and exchange rate (EXR) showed a positive and significant impact on unemployment except foreign direct. By and large, it could be submitted that agriculture did not contribute to employment generation in Nigeria. In view of the above findings, this recommendation is made for the Nigerian policy makers, revamping of agriculture via massive investment in this sub sector of the economy is urgently needed in Nigeria before it could ensure employment generation in the country.

Author Biographies

Chidinma Edith Ebere, Babcock University

Department of Economics

J. O. Ajibola, Babcock University

Department of Economics

A. B. Onakoya, Babcock University

Department of Economics


Adekanbi O. O., (2018). The Role of Agriculture in Job Creation for National Development in Nigeria. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 5(9), pp. 223-228.

Aderemi, T. A., Wahid D. O., Ayodeji, G. B., Christiana Onyohu Hassan, C. O., Osabohien., R. and Azuh, D. E. (2021). Role of Agriculture in Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: An Implication for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). African Journal of Business and Economic Research (AJBER), Special Edition: Perspectives on Demographic Dividend, and Economic Growth for Sustainable Development, pp 267-280.

Aderemi, T. A., Pereowei, A. B., Abosede, A. A., & Eusebius, A. C. (2020). Agricultural Sector and Employment Generation in Post Sap Era Nigeria: An Empirical Perspective. International Journal of New Economics and Social Sciences, 11(1), pp.185-196.

CBN (1970). Statistical Bulletin of Central Bank of Nigeria.

Ebere, E. E., Oresanwo, A. M., Omogboye, M. A. & Aderemi, T. A. (2021). Would Agricultural Credit Sustain Agricultural Output in Nigeria? An Empirical Perspective. The Journal of Accounting and Management, 11(3), pp. 76-83

Ehui, S. and Tsigas, M. (2009). The role of agriculture in Nigeria economic growth: A general equilibrium analysis. International Association of Agricultural Economics (IAAE) Conference held during 16-22 August, Beijing, China.

Matthew, A. O. and Adegboye, F. B. (2010). Agricultural sector and Economic Development: The Nigerian Experience. J Manage Enterprise Develop., 7(2), pp.1117-377.

Obakiri, P. P., Ekine, D. I., Chukwuigwe, E. C., Okidim, I. A. and Iroegbu, I. (2021). Review of Agricultural Development and Employment Generation in Nigeria: Issues, Challenges and the way forward. International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts, 9(4), pp. 2066-2076.

Ochada I. M. & Ogunniyi M. B. (2020). Agricultural output performance, employment generation and per capita income in Nigeria. BizEcons Quarterly, 11, pp.15–26.

Ogbalubi, L. N., & Wokocha, C. C. (2013). Agricultural development and employment generation: The Nigeria experience. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 2(2), pp. 60-69.

Ogbanga, A. (2018). Agricultural development and employment generation in Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Studies in Ecology, Development and Sustainability, 5(1), pp. 1-22.

Orji, A., Ogbuabor, J. E., Alisigwe, J. N., & Anthony-Orji, O. I. (2021). Agricultural Financing, Agricultural Output Growth and Employment Generation in Nigeria. European Journal of Business Science and Technology, 7(1), pp. 74-90.

Osabohien, R., Matthew, O., Gershon, O., Ogunbiyi, T., & Nwosu, E. (2019). Agriculture development, employment generation and poverty reduction in West Africa. The Open Agriculture Journal, 13(1), pp.82-89.

Osabohien, R., & Bamigbola, A. (2017). Sustainable agricultural investment and employment generation in Nigeria: The role of institutional framework. FUTA Journal of Management and Technology, 2(1), pp.113-123.

Tochukwu, O. R., Samuel, O. O., Olanipekun, W. D., & Aderemi, T. A. (2021). Is Agriculture still a Strong Force in Employment Generation in Nigeria? An Empirical Investigation. EuroEconomica, (2 (40), pp. 90-100.

World Bank (2017). World Bank Development Report.




How to Cite

Ebere, C. E., Ajibola, J. O., & Onakoya, A. B. (2022). Agriculture and Employment Creation: Evidence from Nigeria. EuroEconomica, 41(2). Retrieved from