Financing of Political Parties and Electoral Campaigns in Kosovo
One of the most fundamental issues for the establishment, organization and functioning of political parties and other forms of political organization and unification is the financing of political parties and electoral campaigns. Financing of political parties and election campaigns is determined by special laws. In the Republic of Kosovo, this funding is determined by the Law on Financing of Political Parties and the Law on Elections. It determines the financing of parliamentary and non-parliamentary political parties from the state budget; financing quotas as well as their financing by membership, private financing, service financing, etc., the parties are obliged to report on financial and service expenses. Exceeding these costs means violating the law. For lack of transparency of monetary expenditures, political parties should be punished by the relevant bodies. This punishment of political parties is carried out in the form of a fine, the removal of any candidate from the electoral list and the prohibition of the concrete legal action of the political party. In Kosovo, political parties do not objectively report income and financial expenses from membership; revenues from private financing and expenditures from services. In this way, the belief has been created that political parties can circumvent legal norms, given that the Central Election Commission has so far imposed relatively small sentences.
. Giovani Sartori, (1968). Political development and political engineering ‘, f. 261-98 në J. D. Montgomery & A.O. Hirschman (eds.), Public Policy, Vol. 17. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,
. Haxhiu, Sadik. (2013). Elections, electoral systems as well as electoral processes-legal, political and comparative aspect, generation 81, Prishtina, pp. 369 - 399.
. Group of authors. Kosovo Electoral and Party System, KIPRED, pp. 79 - 90.
. Beha, A. (2017). Between stability and democratization - Elections, political parties and intra-party democracy in Kosovo; CPC & FES Prishtina, pp. 253-264.
. Failed Reflection (2016). Financing of political parties in Kosovo; Policy Analysis; published by NGO Çohu, Prishtina, pp. 11 - 24.
. Electoral rule no.12/2013 Restriction of campaign expenses and financial declaration.
. Monitoring Election Campaign Finance A Handbook for NGOs (2005). By the Open Society Institute. Published by Open Society Institute 400 West 59t h Street New York, NY 10019 USA
. Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns. (2003). Handbook Series. Information Unit International IDEA SE -103 34 Stockholm Sweden.
. Code of good practice in electoral issues (2002), directions and explanatory
report. Adopted by the Venice Commission at its 52 nd Plenary Meeting, Venice.
. Ingrid Van Biezen. (2003). Financing Political Parties and Campaigns, Council of Europe.
. Law no. 03 / L-073 (2008). For the general elections in the Republic of Kosovo.
. Law no. 04 / L-212 On supplementing and amending law no. 03 / L-174 On the financing of political entities, amended and supplemented by law no. 04 / L-058.
. Young Politician: (2005). Proceedings of the Academy for Leadership and Political Reform, prepared by the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs/Dan Redford, Tirana: Pegi, pp.18 - 29.
. The work report of the Central Election Commission of Kosovo for 2016.
. Electoral Rules 11/2013, the Code of Conduct for Political Entities and Candidates.
Transparency International. (2017). Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns. Retrieved from
 https://www.usatoday.com/2018/12/09/robert-mueller-donald-trump-campaign-russia-collusion-question- column/.
Copyright (c) 2020 Sadik Haxhiu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.