Mylan Fraud: Accounting and Disclosure Considerations

Authors

  • DEVON BARANEK Rider University

Keywords:

accounting fraud, loss contingency, disclosure violations

Abstract

This teaching case outlines how Mylan, N.V., a global pharmaceutical company, recently paid nearly $500 million to settle investigations with the Securities and Exchange Commission and Department of Justice alleging multiple accounting and disclosure failures stemming from its classification of EpiPen as a generic drug.  This misclassification allowed Mylan to underpay Medicaid rebates by hundreds of millions of dollars and significantly raise the price of EpiPen in the private marketplace.  The SEC complaint details how Mylan violated generally accepted accounting principles and other securities laws by failing to disclose the DOJ investigation to investors or accrue for the potential loss contingency, causing earnings to be materially overstated.  Mylan also included misleading statements in its disclosures with respect to the government’s position during the investigation.  The case demonstrates the importance of professional judgement and the appropriate application of generally accepted accounting principles for public companies.  Misclassifying EpiPen allowed Mylan to profit at the expense of the Medicaid, by allowing Mylan to significantly increase the drug price in the private market while avoiding paying the corresponding rebate obligations to Medicaid.  The case illustrates how corporate greed can drive fraud, how fraud is strategically committed, and how it is eventually exposed and prosecuted.

References

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Mylan (2014). Form 10-K. Retrieved from: https://investor.mylan.com/node/26941/html

Mylan (2016a). Press Release “Mylan Agrees to Settlement on Medicaid Rebate Classification for EpiPen Auto Injector”. October 7, 2016. Retrieved from: http://newsroom.mylan.com/2016-10-07-Mylan-Agrees-to-Settlement-on-Medicaid-Rebate-Classification-for-EpiPen-Auto-Injector

Mylan (2016b). Form 10-K. Retrieved from: https://investor.mylan.com/static-files/8bf772a1-467f-46d4-80db-f2fe99b44f99

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Mylan (2019a) Form 10-K. Retrieved from: https://investor.mylan.com/static-files/f2190c8a-38e2-492b-908e-7c160cc82361

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Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) (2019a). “Securities and Exchange Commission v. Mylan N.V”, Case 1:19-cv-02904, September 29, 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.sec.gov/litigation/complaints/2019/comp-pr2019-194.pdf

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) (2019b), “Mylan to Pay $30 Million for Disclosure Accounting Failures Relating to Epipen”. Litigation Release No. 24621, September 27. Retrieved from: https://www.sec.gov/litigation/litreleases/2019/lr24621.htm

U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (2020). “Biosimilar and Interchangeable Products”. Retrieved from: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/biosimilars/biosimilar-and-interchangeable-products#biosimilar

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Published

2022-05-05

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Articles