Governance, Internet Usage and Sustainable Development Goal of Hunger Reduction in South Africa and Nigeria

  • Collins Ngwakwe University of Limpopo


Internet technology usage is a veritable support to public governance albeit somewhat understudied. Objective: The objective of the paper is to evaluate whether a combination of public governance and internet usage assists in achieving sustainable development goal (SDG) of hunger reduction. Prior Work: the paper is inclined on past theories, which suggest that governance combined with internet technology is vital in achieving SDG of hunger reduction. Approach: Data were collected from the World Bank Development Indicators and from the World Wide Governance Indicators. Data were analysed using the fixed effect panel regression. Results: Results show that effective governance alone is insignificantly related to achievement of SDG goal 2, but after the inclusion of internet usage into the model, public governance proves to be significantly related to SDG 2 (hunger reduction). Implication: African governments should subsidize internet access for the poor and should prioritize governance effectiveness to reduce hunger and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2. Further research should evaluate the relationship between government subsidization of internet data for the poor and hunger reduction. Value: this paper provides first approach, which suggests that introducing internet usage into the governance variable enhances governance effectiveness toward achieving sustainable development goal of hunger reduction.


Abdelbary, I., & Benhin, J. K. (2019). Political Governance and Sustainable Development: The Role of Theory,

Adhikary, M., & Sinha, D. (2019). The Inter-Linkage Between Governance and Poverty: Evidences from SAARC Countries. In Socio-Economic Development: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 838-865). IGI Global,

Akhter, S., & Daly, K. J. (2009). Finance and poverty: Evidence from fixed effect vector decomposition. Emerging Markets Review, 10(3), 191-206.

APC (2020) African women face widening technology gap,

BBC (2019) Congo student: ‘I skip meals to buy online data,

Bernstein, C. (2019). Digitalisation and Thriving Within the Contested Terrain of Intersections of Gender, Race, Education and Class Inequalities in the South African Context. In Thriving in Digital Workspaces (pp. 285-307). Springer, Cham.

Chakona, G., & Shackleton, C. M. (2019). Food insecurity in South Africa: To what extent can social grants and consumption of wild foods eradicate hunger?. World Development Perspectives, 13, 87-94.

Dankumo, A. M., Ishak, S., Bani, Y., & Hamza, H. Z. (2019). The Relationship between Public Expenditure, Corruption and Poverty in Nigeria. Journal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan, 11(1), 76-89.

Ejemeyovwi, J. O., Osabuohien, E. S., Johnson, O. D., & Bow ale, E. I. (2019). Internet usage, innovation and human development nexus in Africa: the case of ECOWAS. Journal of Economic Structures, 8(1),15,

FAO (2019) tackling poverty and hunger through digital innovation,

Field, A.P. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS: and sex and drugs and rock ‘n’ roll (3rd edition). London:Sage.
George Fomunyam, K. (2019). Ending Hunger in Africa: The Fourth Industrial Revolution to the Rescue. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 10(7), 228-234

Halunga, A. G., Orme, C. D. & Yamagata, T. (2017). A heteroscedasticity robust Breusch–Pagan test for Contemporaneous correlation in dynamic panel data models. Journal of Econometrics, 198(2), 209-230.

Hansson, S., Arfvidsson, H., & Simon, D. (2019). Governance for sustainable urban development: the double function of SDG indicators. Area Development and Policy, 4(3), 217-235.

Hassani, H., Yeganegi, M. R., Beneki, C., Unger, S., & Moradghaffari, M. (2019). Big Data and Energy Poverty Alleviation. Big Data and Cognitive Computing, 3(4), 50,

Kwon, H. J., & Kim, E. (2014). Poverty reduction and good governance: Examining the rationale of the Millennium Development Goals. Development and Change, 45(2), 353-375.

Lange, P., Bornemann, B., & Burger, P. (2019). Sustainability impacts of governance modes: insights from Swiss energy policy. Journal of environmental policy & planning, 21(2), 174-187.

Leal F. W., Platje, J., Gerstlberger, W., Ciegis, R., Kääriä, J., Klavins, M., & Kliucininkas, L. (2016). The role of governance in realising the transition towards sustainable societies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 113, 755-766.

Lupova-Henry, E., & Dotti, N. F. (2019). Governance of sustainable innovation: Moving beyond the hierarchy-market-network trichotomy? A systematic literature review using the ‘who-how-what’framework. Journal of cleaner production, 210, 738-748.

Makuta, I., & O’Hare, B. (2015). Quality of governance, public spending on health and health status in Sub Saharan Africa: a panel data regression analysis. BMC public health, 15(1),

Mushtaq, R., & Bruneau, C. (2019). Microfinance, financial inclusion and ICT: Implications for poverty and inequality. Technology in Society, 59, 101154.

OECD, (2006). Good Practices in the National Sustainable Development Strategies of OECD Countries. OECD, Paris.
Otekunrin, O. A., Otekunrin, O. A., Momoh, S., & Ayinde, I. A. (2019). How far has Africa gone in achieving the zero hunger target? Evidence from Nigeria. Global Food Security, 22, 1-12.

Ramzy, O., El Bedawy, R., Anwar, M., & Eldahan, O. H. (2019). Sustainable development & good governance. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(2), 125-125.

SOS (2020) on the poorest continent, the plight of children is dramatic

Statistica (2019) Internet usage rate worldwide in 2019, by gender and region,

Stojanović, I., Ateljević, J., & Stević, R. S. (2016). Good governance as a tool of sustainable development. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(4), 558-558.

Szabo, A., Allen, J., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2019). Longitudinal analysis of the relationship between purposes of internet use and well-being among older adults. The Gerontologist, 59(1), 58-68.

Treviranus, J. (2014). Leveraging the web as a platform for economic inclusion. Behavioral sciences & the law, 32(1), 94-103.

Ünver, O., & Mansur, E. (2019). Land and Water Governance, Poverty, and Sustainability. In Sustainable Food and Agriculture (pp. 117-136). Academic Press,

Vincent, O., & Evans, O. (2019). Can cryptocurrency, mobile phones, and internet herald sustainable financial sector development in emerging markets?. Journal of Transnational Management, 24(3), 259-279.

Walsh, P. P., Murphy, E., & Horan, D. (2020). The role of science, technology and innovation in the UN 2030 agenda. Technological Forecasting and Social Change,

Walsh, P. P., Murphy, E., Horan, D., & Banerjee, A. The UN High-Level Political Forum and Parliamentary Governance for Sustainable Development. SPIRE Working Paper WP14,

Warhurst, C., & Hunt, W. (2019). The digitalisation of future work and employment: Possible impact and policy responses (No. 2019/05). JRC Working Papers Series on Labour, Education and Technology,

WEF (2020) Why digital is key to sustainable growth,

Yang, W. and Wang, Q. (2018), Patterns and determinants of labor supply of digital platform workers: An analysis based on U car-hailing platform drivers, Population Research 4(July): 78–90.