Poverty and Environmental Safety in Nigeria: A Sustainable Development Perspective


  • Abdulrasaq Ajad Ishola Department of Public Administration University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
  • Abdulrazaq Kayode Abdulkareem Department of Public Administration University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
  • Mohammed Lawan Bello University of Ilorin
  • Opeyemi Aluko Ajayi Crowther University Oyo


Administration, Development, Poverty, Relative Deprivation and Safety


The level of safety in a country is a yardstick for it potential growth and sustainable development. If the environment is not safe, there will be no viable economic activity going on and thus the level of poverty and inequality in such environment will be high. Amidst of the unsafe environment, there is usually some group of people benefiting from such political economy scenario. Such group will therefore wish to continue to benefit from such environment at the expense of the larger society thereby creating deeper poverty gaps. The question this paper seeks answer is; to what extent is Nigeria’s environment safe for sustainable development to take place as a recipe for developing countries? The relative deprivation theory is used to establish the fact that deprivation of the people in an environment leads to inequality and poverty. This deprivation hinders rapid socioeconomic and political activities to take place by creating an unsafe political economy environment which as well affects sustainable development. Data from Afrobarometer database on Nigeria were examined, analysed and interpreted. The paper concludes that making the environment more secure for economic activities reduces poverty and inequality. The study recommends that an equitable distribution of income should be enforced first to the immediate environment whose land was usurp and then to the other federating units.

Author Biographies

Abdulrasaq Ajad Ishola, Department of Public Administration University of Ilorin, Ilorin.

A Scholar and  lecturer in Public Administration Department. He has published on Public Administrative issues.

Abdulrazaq Kayode Abdulkareem, Department of Public Administration University of Ilorin, Ilorin.

A Scholar and lecturer in Public Administration. He has published papers on various public administrative issues.

Mohammed Lawan Bello, University of Ilorin

Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences


Afrobarometer (2020). Nigeria: How often felt unsafe walking in neighbourhood www.afrobarometer.org accessed 7/12/2020
Aluko O. (2021) Cycle of Poverty in Developing Countries In Osabuohien, E. S., Oduntan, E. A., Gershon, O., Onanuga, O., & Ola-David, O. Handbook of Research on Institution Development for Sustainable and Inclusive Economic Growth in Africa. IGI Global. http://doi:10.4018/978-1-7998-4817-2

Aluko O. (2020a) Backdoor Politics: Permitting Informalities for Formal Development in African Democracy TEME Journal for Social Sciences Vol. XLIV, No 1 209-229
Aluko O. (2020b) Breaking the Cycle of Corruption in Nigeria: The Myth and Reality Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS) Vol.5, Issue 1 Pp 115-125
Aluko O. (2020c) Trust and Reputation in Nigeria’s Electoral Process: The Context and Conundrum The Africa Review and Brill Vol 46 No 2 333-348
Aluko O. (2019) Caging the Leviathan Dynamics of Public Administration Vol 39 (1)
Aluko O. (2017a) Political Economy of Crony Inequality Among Nations: A Study on Capitalism and Socialism Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Sciences) Volume 10, No. 2.
Aluko O. (2017b) Urban Violence Dimension in Nigeria: Farmer and Herders Onslaught University of Iaşi Journal AGATHOS, Volume 8, Issue 1
Aluko O. I. (2016a). Refocusing The Focus, Metafocus And Profocus: Mopping Urban Violence In Developing Cities. International Black Sea University Journal of Social Science Vol 5 Issue 2
Aluko O. I. (2016b). Urban Violence and Demographic Delimitations in Democratic Governance Journal of Siberian Federal University Humanities & Social Sciences 1 (9) 235-250
Aluko O. (2015). Political Economy of Crony Capitalism: The Prospect and the Bane Journal of Economics Library Volume 2 Issue 3
Aremu F.A and Aluko O. (2017) Tension in the Paradise: A Paradigm Shift in Urban Violence in Nigeria Silpakorn University Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, Volume 17 Number 1
Aremu F.A. and Aluko O. I. (2016). Nigeria’s 2015 Elections: Permanent Voter’s Cards, Smart Card Readers and Security Challenges Journal of Africa Elections South Africa Vol 15 No 2 Pp: 50-68

Asoke K. S. (2011). Fraternal Relative Deprivation of Hindus in Bangladesh in Relation to
Social, Economic and Political Privileges Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Vol. 9

Balcells, L., & Stanton, J. A. (2020). Violence Against Civilians During Armed Conflict: Moving Beyond the Macro-and Micro-Level Divide. Annual Review of Political Science, 24, 2021.

Blaikie, P. (2016). The political economy of soil erosion in developing countries. Routledge.

Broman, G. I., & Robèrt, K. H. (2017). A framework for strategic sustainable development. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 17-31.

Chauhan, N. B., & Kumar, V. H. (2016). Gender Responsive Climate Change Strategies for Sustainable Development. Productivity, 57(2), 182.

Chang, R. D., Zuo, J., Zhao, Z. Y., Soebarto, V., Zillante, G., & Gan, X. L. (2017). Approaches for Transitions Towards Sustainable Development: Status Quo and Challenges. Sustainable Development.

Clark, W. C., Tomich, T. P., Van Noordwijk, M., Guston, D., Catacutan, D., Dickson, N. M., & McNie, E. (2016). Boundary work for sustainable development: natural resource management at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4615-4622.

Cook D., Crosby J., & Henningan M. (1977). The Construct Validity of Relative Deprivation.
In J.M. Sul & R.L.Miller (Eds) Social Comparative Process: Theoretical and Emperical Perspectives. Pp 307-333 Washington DC Hemisphere.

Crosby J., (1976). A Model of Egocentric Relative Deprivation. Psychological Review 83.

Ema R. (2015). The Concept of Sustainable Development: Definition and Defining
Principles Brief for GSDR https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5839GSDR%202015_SD_concept_definiton_rev.pdf accessed 16/5/2017

Gurr, Ted. R. (1971).Why Men Rebel, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Oyedele, S.O., and Aluko, O.I. (2018) Public Service, Performance Enhancement and the Challenges of Recession in Nigeria. Journal of Management and Social Sciences Vol 7 No 1,
Rezk, M. (2016). The Political Economy of Violence in Egypt. IDS Bulletin, 47(3)

Salawu I.O. and Aluko Aluko O. (2018) Political Settlement Analysis of the Blight of Internally Displaced Persons in the Muslim World: Lessons from Nigeria Intellectual Discourse, 26:2 595–615
Sovacool, B. K., Tan-Mullins, M., Ockwell, D., & Newell, P. (2017). Political economy, poverty, and polycentrism in the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) for climate change adaptation. Third World Quarterly, 1-23.

Srinivasan, T. N. (2017). Planning, Poverty and Political Economy of Reforms: A Tribute to Suresh D. Tendulkar. In Perspectives on Economic Development and Policy in India (pp. 3-32). Springer Singapore.

Strezov, V., Evans, A., & Evans, T. J. (2016). Assessment of the Economic, Social and Environmental Dimensions of the Indicators for Sustainable Development. Sustainable Development.

Tyner, J., & Rice, S. (2016). Cambodia’s political economy of violence: Space, time, and genocide under the Khmer Rouge, 1975–79. Genocide Studies International, 10(1), 84-94.

Walker I. & Smith H. (2002). Fifty years of Relative Deprivation Research. In Walker I. &
Smith H.(Eds) Relative Deprivation: Specification, Development and Integration. Cambridge University Press United Kingdom




How to Cite

Ishola, A. A., Abdulkareem, . A. K., Bello, M. L. ., & Aluko, O. (2021). Poverty and Environmental Safety in Nigeria: A Sustainable Development Perspective: Array. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Administratio, 12(2). Retrieved from https://dj.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/AUDA/article/view/716