Working Behind Bars, General Rules For Penitentiary Employees


  • Florin Proca Free International University of Moldova


rights; information; adaptation; orientation; correctness


At first glance, working in a penitentiary unit seems quite simple: the employees provides security, accommodation, food, hygiene items, clothing when needed and the possibility of daily recreation for the imprisoned persons and inmates are waiting for the time to re-enter the society. In fact, things are much more complex. The objective of the research is to identify the problems faced by prison staff, other than those clearly regulated by the normative acts as well as to establish the manner of action in case of such difficult situations. I approached this topic because it is of interest both to the new staff employed in such a complex and stressful institution and to the long-term employees in this field. In this "gray" environment, which is in a continuous tension and transformation, new situations always appear that initially seem impossible to solve, situations whose solution is not specified in laws or regulations. Prisons and convicts have been a topic of great interest recently, both in the media and in the legislation, where many changes have taken place for the benefit of persons deprived of their freedom. All this has overshadowed the other human element of the prison environment - the prison staff, which in addition to working in a very dangerous environment and sometimes have to manage people who have nothing to lose, also face the feeling of social isolation due to the numerous restrictions that come with choosing this profession. The long-term negative effects of working with inmates, as well as the unwanted habits that the employees involuntarily acquire due to the nature of the job, should not be neglected, but rather studied and stopped as much as possible.


The decision of the general manager of the National Administration of Penitentiaries no. 443 of May 24th , 2016 on the approval of the Working Procedure for awarding rewards based on the Credit System for participation in educational activities and programs, psychological assistance and social assistance, lucrative activities, as well as the prevention of risk situations;
OMJ no. 3.513 / C of September 8th , 2020 for the approval of the Methodology for organizing and conducting the professional training of penitentiary police officers, as well as the criteria for evaluating its results;
Textbook on associated structures for special security measures, as well as for the use of immobilization means and techniques - Volume I personal safety
Code of ethical behaviour of January 14th, 2021 of the personnel from the penitentiary administration system, established by the decision of the ANP manager no. 321 from 2021
Law no. 254 from July 19th 2013 regarding the execution of sentences and custodial measures ordered by the judiciary authorities during criminal proceedings
The Romanian Constitution adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 21st, 1991, revised by national referendum on October 18th-19th, 2003, art. 51
Law no. 286 from 2009 – Criminal Code from 17th July 2009 published in the Official Gazetteno. 510 from 24th July 2009






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