Ensuring the Security of Civil Aviation against the Terrorist Phenomenon in the Legislation of the European Union


  • Alexandr Cauia Free International University of Moldova
  • Feodor Bria Free International University of Moldova


aviation terrorism; civil aviation security; European Union; legal regulation


The European Union is a supranational structure and is an important part of the global civil aviation market. Terrorist acts are the most dangerous challenge to civil aviation security in the 20th and 21st centuries. Ensuring civil aviation security is one of the key priorities of the member states in particular and the European Union in particular.

This article reflects attempts to regulate the process of preventing the negative effects of the terrorist phenomenon on the process of ensuring civil aviation security in the European Union. Following the tragic events of September 11th, 2001 in the United States, the process of regulating civil aviation security in the European Union has rapidly developed. Subsequent attempts to carry out terrorist attacks on civilian aircraft, as well as world experience, have contributed to the awareness of the need to regulate this process at the supranational level. The systemic analysis of the legal norms at the level of the European Union that have as object of regulation the assurance of the civil aviation security is the analysis object of this research.


Normative acts

Convention of the marking of plastic explosives for the purpose of detection, Montreal, 1 march 1991, entered into force on 21 June 1998 [on-line]. [accessed 25.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://www.icao.int/secretariat/legal/List%20of%20Parties/MEX_EN.pdf>

Regulation (EU) 2015/1998 laying down detailed measures for the implementation of the common basic standards on aviation security, of 5 November 2015 [on-line]. [accessed 18.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32015R1998>

Regulation (EC) No 2320/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council, establishing common rules in the field of civil aviation security, 16 December 2002 [on-line]. [accessed 25.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2002:355:0001:0021:EN:PDF>

Regulation (EC) No 622/2003 laying down measures for the implementation of the common basic standards on aviation security, of 4 April 2003 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32003R0622:EN:HTML>

Regulation (EC) No 68/2004 amending Commission Regulation (EC) No 622/2003 laying down measures for the implementation of the common basic standards on aviation security, of 15 January 2004 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32004R0068:EN:HTML>

Regulation (EC) No 1546/2006 amending Regulation (EC) No 622/2003 laying down measures for the implementation of the common basic standards on aviation security, of 4 October 2006 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32006R1546>

Regulation (EC) No 736/2006 on working methods of the European Aviation Safety Agency for conducting standardisation inspections, of 16 May 2006 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:129:0010:0015:EN:PDF>

Regulation (EC) No 300/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules in the field of civil aviation security and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2320/2002, of 11 March 2008 [on-line]. [accessed 25.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32008R0300>

Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, of 20 February 2008 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32008R0216>

Regulation (EU) No 185/2010 laying down detailed measures for the implementation of the common basic standards on aviation security, of 4 March 2010 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:02010R0185-20140409>

Regulation (EC) No 859/2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 244/2009 as regards the ecodesign requirements on ultraviolet radiation of non-directional household lamps, of 18 September 2009 [on-line]. [accessed 18.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32009R0859>

Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 in the field of aerodromes, air traffic management and air navigation services and repealing Directive 2006/23/EC, of 21 October 2009 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:309:0051:0070:EN:PDF>

Regulation (EU) No 1141/2011 amending Regulation (EC) No 272/2009 supplementing the common basic standards on civil aviation security as regards the use of security scanners at EU airports, of 10 November 2011 [on-line]. [accessed 18.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32011R1141>

Regulation (EU) No 139/2014 laying down requirements and administrative procedures related to aerodromes pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 12 February 2014 [on-line]. [accessed 15.05.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32014R0139>

Regulation (EU) 2019/413 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1998 as regards third countries recognised as applying security standards equivalent to the common basic standards on civil aviation security, of 14 March 2019 [on-line]. [accessed 18.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32019R0413>

Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, signed at Lisbon, 13 December 2007 [on-line]. [accessed 25.04.2022]. Available on Internet: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2007:306:FULL:EN:PDF>

Specialty articles

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Den Boer, M. (2003) The EU Counter-Terrorism Wave: Window of Opportunity or Profound Policy Transformation. In: Confronting terrorism: European experiences, threat perceptions, and policies, ed.by M. van Leeuwen. The Hague, Kluwer Law International, p. 185-206.

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Mégie, A. (2004) Le 11 septembre: élément accélerateur de la coopération judiciare européenee? In : Reconstruire la sécurité après le 11 september: la lutte antiterroriste entre affichage politique et mobilisation policière, ed. by P. K. Manning, C. Murphy and J.-P. Brodeur. Saint-Denis La Plaine, Institut Nationale des Hautes Etudes de Sécurité. , 2004, 304 p.

Ocqueteau F., (1998) La sécurité privée en France, état des lieux et questions pour l'avenir. En: Les Cahiers de la sécurité intérieure, n° 33, 3ème trim. p. 105-127

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