Historical аnd Ethnological Characteristics оf Ethnic Romanians оf Bessarabia
Keywords:: Bessarabia region; ethnic; population; Romanians; Moldovans
The aim of this paper is to study the main stages of the development and settlement of the territory of Southern Bessarabia by ethnic Romanians, as well as the peculiarities of the formation of Romanian folk culture. In order to achieve this aim, it is necessary to solve the following tasks: to study ethnogenetic and demographic processes in the formation of the folk culture of the Romanians of Southern Bessarabia, to identify the influence of other ethnic groups on Romanian national self-awareness. In this study, a set of research methods is used: genetic and historical method; formal and typological method; functional method. The actuality of the research lies in the fact that for the first time the folk culture of the Romanian population of Bessarabia is considered as a result of the interaction of integration, adaptation and transformation processes that formed the multiethnic community of the Romanian ethnic group. The paper examines the state of two parallel vectors – «Moldovanism» and «Romanism» – which define two identities, and also distinguishes two stages of Moldovan ethnogenesis: the formation of the Eastern Romanian ethnic community and the formation of the Moldovan nation itself. The study shows that the formation of the modern national-regional picture of the Bessarabian region is evidence not only of the long process of formation of the ethnogenesis of the Romanian-speaking population, but also of the life of representatives of other ethnic groups.
Andreeva, E. A. (1996). Origin of Moldavians and Moldavian Principality. Ethnology and etnography of Bessarabia. Compilation of Materials. Izmail, VPU, pp. 64-80.
Berejan, S. (2001). Folosirea glotonimului limba română în Republica Moldova. Aspecte identitare / The use of the Romanian language glotonym in the Republic of Moldova. Identity aspects // Basarabia, dilemele identităţii/ Bessarabia, the dilemmas of identity. Iasi, Academic Foundation “A.D. Xenopol”, p. 261-266.
Berg, L. S. (1993). Bessarabia. Country. People. Economy. Chisinau: Universitas, p. 195.
Butovich, V. I. (1916). Materials for the ethnographic map of Bessarabian province. Kiev, p. 55.
Chubinsky, P. P. (1872). Proceedings of the ethnographic and statistical expedition to the West Russian region. Т. VII. P. 1. SPB, p. 593.
Cusco, A. (2002). Basarabia văzută de celălalt sau eterna dilemă a identităţii / Bessarabia seen by the other or the eternal dilemma of identity. Contrafort. №№ 9-10, p. 8.
History of Bessarabia. From the origins to 1998. (2001). Chisinau, pp. 15-31.
Kisse, A. I.; Prigarin, A. A.; Stanko V. N. (2014). Budzhak: historical and ethnographic sketches of the peoples of the southwestern districts of Odessa region. Odessa PostScriptum - SMIL, p. 744.
Leonard, P. S. (1871). A few words about county in general, about Bessarabian county in particular: County gentlemen and county managers. Odessa: Tip. L. Nitche, p. 78.
Saca, V. (1998). Conflictul de identificare în Republica Moldova: generalul şi particularul / Conflict of identity in the Republic of Moldova: the general and the particular/ Identitatea naţională şi comunicarea / National identity and communication. Chisinau, р. 67.
Solomon, Fl. (2001). De la RSSM la Republica Moldova. Identitate etnică şi politică / From the RSSM to the Republic of Moldova. Ethnic and political identity. Basarabia. Dilemele identităţii. Volum editat de F. Solomon şi A. Zub. Iaşi / Basarabia. Dilemmas of identity. Edited by F. Solomon and A. Zub. Iasi, рр. 74-78.
Thiesse, A.-M. (1999) Inventing National Identity. Le Monde Diplomatique. June, p. 12.
Tsiganenko, L.F.; Lebedenko, O.M.; Dizanova, A.V. and others. (2011). Southern Bessarabia (end of the XVIII-XIX centuries): educational and methodical manual. Izmail: TOV RVA “SMIL”, p. 216.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Mariia Sokolova
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.