Social Aspect of Development of the Bulgarian Ethnogeographic System of the Ukrainian Danube
Keywords:ethnogeographic systems; Ukrainian Danube; ethnic identity; ethnic-national population
Based on the concept of ethnogeographic systems developed by the author, a study was made of the specifics of the social aspects of the life of the population of the ethnogeographic formation of the Ukrainian Danube with different ethnic composition of the population. In one of the most multi-ethnic regions of the state, where Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Russians, Moldavians, Gagauzes and others live compactly, the rights of the population to observe and develop the ethnic identity of the population are respected. Each community is characterized by a peculiar approach to preserving the ethnic identity of the population. The author conducted a sociological study, the results of which determined the characteristics of interethnic tolerance of the population and the ethnic-language situation in the region. The current stage of development of the Bulgarian diaspora of the country is characterized by the intensification of ethnocultural and ethnopolitical life. The activation of the revival of the culture and traditions of the Bulgarians is associated with the activities of the Association of Bulgarians of Ukraine. Her activities are aimed at reviving the language, traditions and culture of the Bulgarians. Bulgarians take a more active part in the political life and processes of state administration and local self-government. An ethnosociological study showed that Bulgarians of the interfluve region are characterized by a proud attitude to their own ethnonym, stratification of the population by income level, 100% use of the mother language in everyday life and a relatively high level of knowledge of Ukrainian and Russian. The negative impact on ethnic self-identification of representatives of the main communities of the region has a socio-economic factor. This is especially clearly manifested among the descendants of the Transdanubian migrants, for whom identification with the inhabitants of a particular settlement is of great importance. Intensive inter-river ethnic processes are inherently ethno-evolutionary with clearly expressed intra-ethnic consolidation of almost all communities. The prospect of the development of EGS is associated primarily with the need to develop the labor-intensive sectors of agriculture and the processing of local raw materials.
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