Pseudo-Contraband. Controversial Issues Regarding the Interpretation of the Smuggling Offense


  • Ana Alina Ionescu Dumitrache Danubius University of Galati
  • Ioan Daniel Popa Danubius University of Galati


smuggling; correlative facts; judicial errors; extensive interpretation


The article analyzes the notion of smuggling, as provided in art. 270 para. (3) of Law
86/2006, Romanian Customs Code, the conditions necessary for its legal existence, according to the
legislation of the Romanian state in force, compared to the controversial interpretation of the illicit act
of smuggling, as generating criminal liability for those correlative facts, provided and sanctioned under
the same conditions as the crime of smuggling. On the interpretation of this notion, different opinions
were expressed, among which, the opinion of accepting the notion of smuggling “lato sensu”, expressed
also by Decision 32/2015 of the High Court of Cassation and Justice, the Panel for solving legal issues
of criminal law and a second opinion, which belongs in particular to legal practitioners, according to
which the notion of smuggling must be interpreted strictly in the form of the crime of smuggling. In
this article, we will highlight a series of negative consequences that may arise from an extensive
interpretation of the rule of law in the sense of broadening the initial content of the rule of law, in
relation to its textual wording. We will also try to highlight the limits of the application of general legal
norms in the field regulated by the special law, on the principle of “specialia generalibus derogant”, as
well as the requirements necessary for the existence of criminal liability in case of assimilated facts.
The study was carried out starting from practical aspects of the relevant national jurisprudence, of some
concrete cases in which, the coherent and correct application of the legal norms applicable to each of
the situations can generate, in our opinion, the reasonable suspicion of committing serious judicial
errors, effects on the observance of fundamental human rights and freedoms, the achievement of the
purpose of the law in correcting the unlawful conduct of the perpetrator and the subjection of the
Romanian state to some unjustified and exaggerated expenses in relation to the seriousness of the facts
brought to trial.

Author Biographies

Ana Alina Ionescu Dumitrache, Danubius University of Galati

Senior Lecturer, PhD, Faculty of Law

Ioan Daniel Popa, Danubius University of Galati

MA graduate, Faculty of Law


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Ancuța Blanariu,




How to Cite

Dumitrache, A. A. I., & Popa, I. D. (2020). Pseudo-Contraband. Controversial Issues Regarding the Interpretation of the Smuggling Offense: Array. Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, 10(2). Retrieved from



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