Vocabulary of Rural Life of Bessarabian Germans in Danube Region (1814/1940) in Accident Reports

  • Natalia Golovina
Keywords: text; lexical nomination; semantic structure; lexical-semantic group; language marker; cultural specificity


This article analyzes accident reports in the German colonies of Bessarabia (1814/1940), dated to the second half of the 19th century. The object of study is the problem of the relationship between language and culture, which is displayed in the structure of the text and makes it possible to establish the features of the way people exist, their knowledge, experience, result of activities and traditions. The question of the specifics of the vocabulary of accident reports in the colonies of German colonists in the south of Bessarabia continues to study German discourse in conditions of its separation from the main range and is an important element in realizing the task of its reconstruction and preservation. The paper uses the approach of observing the lexical-semantic microfield “rural life” and its linguocultural description. The results of the work are of interest for the lexicology of the German language (sections: semantics, onomastics, word formation), regional studies of Germany, regional studies, as well as the history of Ukraine and has  implications of theoretical and practical training of students in the specialty “German language”. The value of the work is its novelty, relevance of the chosen topic, as well as the author’s original approach to the analysis of the lexical level of historical texts using cultural commentary related to objects of the nomination of rural household items of German colonists.


Bisle, E. (1993). Tarutino das Zentrum der Deutschen in Bessarabien/Tarutino the center of the Germans in Bessarabia. Herausgegeben von Elvire Bisle, р. 620.
Gäckle, H. (1983). Geschichte der Gemeinde Alt-Posttal (Bessarabien)/History of the Municipality Alt-Posttal Bessarabia. Herausgegeben vom Alt-Posttaler Heimatausschuß zum 160. Jahrestag der Gründung der Gemeinde 1823-1983, p. 1028.
Golovina, N. (2017). Flora and fauna of the Danube Region in the folk medicine of Bessarabian germans 1814/1940: pragmatic aspect. Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, Vol 7, No 2, pp. 83-100.
Golovina, N. (2018). Agriculture of the Danube region in the discourse of Bessarabian Germans (1814/1940). Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, Vol 8, No 2, pp. 110-122.
Golovina, N. (2019). Wedding culture traditions of germans in Bessarabia (1814/1940)./ Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, Vol 9, No 1, pp. 131-143.
Golovina, N. (2019). Foreign elements in the speech in of Bessarabian germans of colonia Tarutino (1814/1940) (on the example of the poem by E. Moritz “Tarutinoer Winter Sunday”). Perspectivele și Problemele Integrării în Spațiul European al Cercetării și Educației. Universitatea de Stat “B.P. Hasdeu” din Cahul. Volumul VI. Part 2, pp. 346-350.
Kohl J. (1841). Reisen in Südrußland. Zweiter Teil. Bessarabien. Zur Charakteristik der pontischen Steppen. Die Karaiten/Travel in southern Russia. Second part. Bessarabia. Characteristic of the Pontic steppes. The Karaites. Dresden und Leipzig, in der Arnoldischen Buchhandlung. p. 270.
Schmidt, U. (2008). Bessarabien. Deutsche Kolonisten am Schwarzen Meer/Bessarabia. German colonists on the Black Sea. Deutsches Kulturzentrum östliches Europas e.V., p. 419.
Weiß, M. (1923). Die deutsche Kolonie Alt-Posttal/The German colony Alt-Posttal. Festschrift der Hundertjahrfeier 1823 bis 1923, pp. 35-39.