Ethics in Empirical Research - Theoretical Considerations Regarding Education and Communication

Authors

  • Ana Maria Teodora Andronic “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi

Keywords:

research ethics; ethical standards; interdisciplinary; education; psychology

Abstract

Ethical standards are, in theory, as important, or even more relevant than the actual research itself. But the journey that led educators, academics, researchers and other specialists to arrive at modern research ethical standards was a long, disputed and unethical voyage. Ethical research is based on principles such as social value, informed consent, fair subject selection, a favorable risk-benefit ratio, scientific validity, respect and many others. Ethics takes into consideration a constellation of factors, which will be discussed and detailed in this article. The analysis compares the perspectives of micro and macro-ethics, and of research ethics in various domains of activity, such as psychology, education and linguistics.

Author Biography

Ana Maria Teodora Andronic, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi

PhD in progress, Psychology

References

Busher, H. (2002). Ethics of research in education. In M. Coleman & A. R. J. Briggs (Eds.), Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management (73-90), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

British Association for Applied Linguistics (2016). Recommendations on good practice in applied linguistics. https://www.baal.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/goodpractice_full_2016.pdf

Christians, G. C. (2005). Ethics and politics in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of qualitative research: Third Edition (pp. 139-164). Thousand Oaks, CA, and New Delhi: Sage.

Clary, B. J. (2008). The Evolution of the Allied Social Science Associations. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 67(5), 985–1006. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27739750

Council on Undergraduate Research (2017). Code of Ethics for Undergraduate Research. Washington, DC. https://www.cur.org/assets/1/7/Code_of_Ethics.pdf

De Costa, P. (2015). Ethics in Applied Linguistics Research. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315816937-1

De Costa, P., Lee, J., Rawal, H. & Li, W. (2020). Ethics in applied linguistics research.

Denzin, N. K. (2003). Performance ethnography: Critical pedagogy and the politics of culture. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Emanuel, E. J., Wendler, D., Killen, J., & Grady, C. (2004). What Makes Clinical Research in Developing Countries Ethical? The Benchmarks of Ethical Research. The Journal of infectious diseases, 189(5), 930–937. https://doi.org/10.1086/381709

Georgakopoulou, A. (2017). ‘Whose context collapse’? Ethical clashes in the study of language and social media in context. Applied Linguistics Review, 8 (2-3), 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2016-1034

Hunter, D. (2018). Research Ethics Committees- What Are They Good For? In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics. (pp. 289 -300). Thousand Oaks, CA.

International Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL, 2014). https://www.tesol.org/

Institutional Review Boards (IRB) (2022). (https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/w-001-0279?transitionType=Default&contextData=(sc.Default)&firstPage=true )

Kubaniyova, M. (2013). Ethical debates in research on language and interaction. In C. A. Chapelle (Ed.). The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. (pp. 2001–2008): Wiley-Blackwell.

London School of Economics (2022). ( https://info.lse.ac.uk/staff/divisions/Secretarys-Division/Ethics/Students-Ethics )

Mallinson, C. (2018). Ethics in linguistic research. In L. Litosseliti (Ed.), Research methods in linguistics (pp. 57-84). London: Bloomsbury.

National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1976). The Belmont Report. https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/belmont-report/index.html

Publishing Ethics for Editors (2022). (https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies/publishing-ethics#Authors)

Solicitors Regulation Authority. ( https://www.sra.org.uk/solicitors/standards-regulations/ )

Sterling, S., Winke, P., & Gass, S. (2016). Training in research ethics among applied linguistics and SLA researchers. In P. I. De Costa (Ed.), Ethics in Applied Linguistics Research: Language Researcher Narratives, 15–37. New York: Routledge.

The Belmont Report (1979). (https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/belmont-report/index.html )

The Law Society. ( https://www.lawsociety.org.uk/en/topics/regulation/ethics-in-law )

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Codes of Conduct- Romania. (https://www.unodc.org/documents/corruption/WG-Prevention/Art_8_Codes_of_conduct/Romania.pdf )

Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights)

Ushioda, E. (2020). Language learning motivation: an ethical agenda for research. Oxford applied linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

World Medical Association (2018). Declaration of Helsinki (1964). (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/ )

Downloads

Published

2022-07-28

Issue

Section

Language and Communication