Phytoremediation, a Cheaper and Ecological Alternative in Solving Historical Soil Pollution


  • Anca Turtureanu Danubius University of Galati
  • Codruța Mihaela Dobrescu University of Pitesti
  • Leonard Magdalin Dorobat University of Pitesti


phytoremediation; soil pollution; decontaminations; phyto-extraction


Romania, since the pre-accession phase to the European Union, has committed itself to implementing environmental policies in accordance with European legislation. Regarding the stage reached, only a part of these obligations regarding the ecological sanitation of some post-industrial sites were respected, an insignificant part. Many places in Romania are characterized by an emanating, historical pollution. This is the result of decades of inefficient communist economy, with little respect for the environment, high energy consumption and little-added value. To continue solving these problems of historical pollution, enormous funds are needed and the ecological remediation and reconstruction works will be more  numerous and increasing. An efficient, environmentally friendly and inexpensive solution is the application of bioremediation methods. These ecological methods are widely observable worldwide, especially in developed countries. Phytoremediation, in turn, is a major method of depollution of contaminated ecosystems, especially those polluted with oil residues from old petrochemical plants or heavy metals from metal mining and processing activities. These economic activities had a wide spread on the Romanian territory during the socialist epoque,  and that is why today many polluted areas have remained ecologically unhealthy.

Phytoremediation being a much cheaper method than others, which falls within the concept of sustainable development, has great economic and ecological potential in Romania and must be assumed as a variant that should be quickly applied to the situation on the ground. This will be even more necessary in the context in which budgetary allocations for solving environmental problems are in competition with other needs that require the same limited source of funding.

Author Biographies

Anca Turtureanu, Danubius University of Galati

Professor, PhD

Codruța Mihaela Dobrescu, University of Pitesti

Senior Lecturer, PhD

Leonard Magdalin Dorobat, University of Pitesti

Senior Lecturer, PhD


Ah-Peng C., Rausch De Traubenberg C. (2004). Bryophytes aquatiques bioaccumulateurs de polluants et indicateurs écophysiologiques de stress: synthèse bibliographique. Cryptogamie, Bryologie. 25 (3): 205-248.
Boyd, R. S., Wall, M. A., and Jaffré, T. (2009). Do tropical nickel hyperaccumulator mobilize metals into epiphytes? A test using Bryophytes from New Caledonia. Northeast Nat. 16, 139–154. doi: 10.1656/045.016.0512.
Drăghiceanu, O.A., Soare, L.C., Popescu, M. (2016). Physiological and antioxidant responses of Asplenium scolopendrium to elevated amounts of lead in soil. Sci Stud Res Biol 25 (1), 50-54.
Drăghiceanu, O.A., Soare, L.C. (2016). Effects of chronic toxicity induced by cadmium on the gametophyte of two fern species. Sci. Papers Ser. 60, 279-284.
Drăghiceanu, O.A., Dobrescu, C.M., Soare, L.C. (2014). Applications of pteridophytes in phytoremediation, Current Trends in Natural Sciences, Vol. 3, Issue 6, pp. 68-73.
Ensley, BD. (2000). Rationale for use of phytoremediation. In Raskin I., Ensley BD. (eds) Phytoremediation of toxic metals using plants to clean up the environment. Wiley. New York, pp 3-12.
Hemen, S. (2011). Metal Hyperaccumulation in Plants: A Review Focusing on Phytoremediation Technology. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4: 118-138. doi: 10.3923/jest.2011.118.138
Jiang, Y., Fan, M., Hu, R., Zhao, J., & Wu, Y. (2018). Mosses Are Better than Leaves of Vascular Plants in Monitoring Atmospheric Heavy Metal Pollution in Urban Areas. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(6), 1105.
McCutcheon, S.C., Schnoor, J.L. (2003). Overview of Phytotransformation and Control of Wastes." Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants, S. McCutcheon and J. Schnoor (eds.), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
McGrath, S.P., Lane, P.W. (1989). An explanation for the apparent losses of metals in a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge. Environ. Poll. 60:235–256.
Ren, J., Liu, F., Luo, Y., Zhu, J., Luo, X., Liu, R. (2021). The Pioneering Role of Bryophytes in Ecological Restoration of Manganese Waste Residue Areas, Southwestern China", Journal of Chemistry, vol. 2021, ArticleID 9969253.
Grosjean, N., Blaudez, D., Chalot, M., Gross, E. M., Le Jean, M. (2020). Identification of new hardy ferns that preferentially accumulate light rare earth elements: a conserved trait within fern species. Environmental Chemistry, CSIRO Publishing, 17 (2), pp.191. ff10.1071/EN19182ff. ffhal-02523528f.
Parvaiz, A.(Eds), 2015. Plant Metal Interaction. Emerging Remediation Techniques. Ed. Elsevier,
Prasad, M.N.V., Freitas H. (2003). Metal hyperaccumulation in plants - Biodiversity prospecting for phytoremediation technology. Electronic J.Biotechnol. 6:275-321.
Shah, M. (2014). Environmental Bioremediation: A Low Cost Nature’s Natural Biotechnology for Environmental Clean-up. Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology 05(05) DOI:10.4172/2157-7463.1000191.
Shamim, S. (2018). Biosorption of Heavy Metals, Biosorption, Jan Derco and Branislav Vrana, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72099.
Tiwari, S., Bijaya Sarangi, K., Pulavarty, A., Ram, Pandey A. (2013). Metal Hyperaccumulating Ferns: Progress and Future Prospects. In Recent Advances Towards Improved Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Pollution, p. 68-88.
Verbruggen, N., Hermans, C., and Schat, H. (2009). Molecular mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation in plants. New Phytol. 181, 759–776. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02748.x
Vukojević, V., Sabovljević, M., Jovanović, S. (2005). Mosses Accumulate Heavy Metals From The Substrata Of Coal Ash, Arch. Biol. Sci., Belgrade, 57 (2), 101-106.
Yan, A, Wang, Y, Tan, SN, Mohd Yusof, ML, Ghosh, S, Chen, Z. (2020). Phytoremediation: A Promising Approach for Revegetation of Heavy Metal-Polluted Land. Front Plant Sci. 11:359. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00359. eCollection 2020.




How to Cite

Turtureanu, A., Dobrescu, C. M., & Dorobat, L. M. (2021). Phytoremediation, a Cheaper and Ecological Alternative in Solving Historical Soil Pollution: Array. Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, 11(2). Retrieved from



Danubian Economy and Legislation

Most read articles by the same author(s)