Cahul District in the First Weeks of the Soviet Occupation (June-August 1940)

  • Sergiu Cornea Cahul State University “B. P. Hasdeu”
Keywords: Bessarabia; Cahul district; soviet occupation


As a result of direct diplomatic and military pressure exerted by the Soviet Union and
blackmail by Germany and Italy in support of the aggressor, in June 1940 the Romanian administration
and army left the territory of Bessarabia. The aim of the research is to reconstruct the events that
occurred in a very complex and equally controversial period in the history of Cahul county –the
establishment of the soviet occupation regime in summer 1940. In order to elucidate the subject, was
used the method of content analysis of the official documents drawn up by the competent authorities of
the “Lower Danube” Land, contained in the archive funds. A reliable source of information on the early
days of soviet occupation is the refugees’ testimonies from Bessarabia. Although they provided stoning
information, marked by personal feelings, they are still an important source of information because they
were provided by eyewitnesses of the events. From the very first days of soviet occupation, soviet-type
power structures were created in Bessarabia, and a number of political, economic, social and
propaganda measures were taken to establish the soviet regime as soon as possible. The repressive
measures taken by the new authorities caused discontent among the population, causing disappointment
even to those who enjoyed the “moment of liberation”.

Author Biography

Sergiu Cornea, Cahul State University “B. P. Hasdeu”

Associate Professor, PhD


A. Archival Sources
The Galaţi District Service of the National Archives, Fund Royal Resident of the Dunarea de Jos
County, File no. 133/1940 (F. 133/1940).
The Galaţi District Service of the National Archives, Fund Royal Resident of the Dunarea de Jos
County, File no. 153/1939-1940 (F. 153/1939-1940).
The Galaţi District Service of the National Archives, Fund Royal Resident of the Dunarea de Jos
County, File no. 78/1940 (F. 78/1940).
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Local Communities-Diachrony and Synchrony