The Notions of Defense and Security in the Romanian Legislation

  • Țuțu Pișleag Danubius University of Galati
Keywords: security; defense; security; strategy; national


This article discusses the notions of defense and security as they are contained in Romanian legislation after 1990 and which highlights today the issue of a unitary approach. The method used consists in the study of normative acts regarding national defense and security. Although the National Defense Strategy is adopted at the national level, it fully meets the requirements of any national security strategy, according to the complexity and transformations of the global security environment.


*** Treaty on European Union, 13 December 2007.
*** The Romanian Constitution, amended and supplemented by the Law on the revision of the Romanian Constitution no. 429 of 2003, Official Monitor, part I, no. 758 of October 29, 2003, republished by the Legislative Council, Official Monitor, part I, no. 767 of October 31, 2003.
*** National Defense Law no. 45/1994, with subsequent amendments and completions, Official Monitor no. 172 of July 7, 1994.
*** Law no. 51 of July 29, 1991 (republished) regarding the national security of Romania, Official Monitor no. 190 of March 18, 2014.
*** Law no. 415 of June 27, 2002 on the organization and functioning of the Supreme Council of National Defense, Official Monitor of Romania, Part I, no. 494 of July 10, 2002.
*** Law no. 203 of 2015 on defense planning (with subsequent amendments), Official Monitor, Part I no. 555 of July 27, 2015.
*** Law no. 39 of December 13, 1990 on the establishment, organization and functioning of the Supreme Council of National Defense, Official Monitor no. 142 of December 13, 1990.
*** Criminal Code (with subsequent amendments and completions), Official Gazette, Part I no. 510 of July 24, 2009.
*** The functioning regulation of the Supreme Council of National Defense (based on art. 10 of Law no. 415/2002).
*** Romania's military strategy - for a strong Romania in Europe and in the world, Official Monitor no. 789 of October 7, 2016.
*** National Strategy for the Defense of Romania for the period 2020-2024, (approved by Decision no. 22 of the Joint Sitting of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies of June 30, 2020), Official Monitor, Part I, no. 574 of July 1, 2020.
*** Decision no. 196 of March 17, 2005 on the approval of the Strategy of the Ministry of Administration and Interior for the realization of public order and safety, for increasing the safety of the citizen and preventing street crime, Official Monitor, no. 243 of March 23, 2005.
*** National Security Capability Review, Including the second annual report on implementation of the National Security Strategy and Strategic defense and Security Review 2015, HM Government, March 2018.
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