Compliance with International Obligations Regarding Refugees, the Civilian Population and Prisoners of War


  • Gheorghe Stefan Danubius University of Galati


The provisions stipulated by the Hague Convention obligatorily imposed on
all belligerent parties the observance and application of the articles provided
by the text of the convention. In parallel, an important role will be played by
the principles and regulations of the Geneva Convention, adopted in 1929
regarding the status of prisoners of war, which represented the essence of
international humanitarian law, from the point of view of international law,
and constituted legal obligations that had to be respected only by the signatory
states of that act. Compared to the first international act adopted in 1864 in
Geneva, under the name of the First Geneva Convention 1 , which limited the
conduct of war, the text had been modified in 1906 and later in 1929 2 for a
clearer definition of the status of prisoners of war. The merit for the adoption of
the 1939 Geneva Convention on the status of prisoners of war goes to the Swiss
authorities who, at the initiative of the International Committee of the Red
Cross, recommended the adoption of a new convention from 1921 on the
treatment of prisoners of war.

Author Biography

Gheorghe Stefan, Danubius University of Galati

Associate Professor, PhD


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istoria strategic, Editura Polirom, Iasi, 2010;

Guy S. GOODWIN-GILL, The Refugee in International Law, ediţia a III-a,

Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2021;

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How to Cite

Stefan, G. (2023). Compliance with International Obligations Regarding Refugees, the Civilian Population and Prisoners of War. Journal of Danubian Studies and Research, 13(1), 168–174. Retrieved from



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