The Role of Impulsivity and Self-Control in Decision Making in Adolescence
Impulsivity, self-control, and decision-making capacity are no longer fully mastered during
adolescence due to the influences of bio-psycho-socio-cultural factors. Thus, a low level of self-control
and an increased level of impulsivity make adolescents no longer have the ability to make optimal
decisions. If the proportions of these traits are reversed then adolescents can choose the optimal decision
that brings the greatest benefits. The 110 adolescents were tested using the translated version of the
UPPS-P Test, the Self-Control Scale on the CPI Test Card, and the Decision Ability Test in the Battery
of Psychological Cognitive Aptitude Tests (BTPAC).
Crone, E. (2016). The Adolescent Brain: Changes in Learning, Decision-making and Social Relation
in the Unigue Development Period of Adolescence. Routledge.
Cyders, M. A., et al. (2007). Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior:
Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), pp.
Franken, A., et al. (2015) The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents’ Friendships in the
Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Volume 45, pp. 1800-1811. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0287-z.
Gibb, R. & Kolb, B. (2015). Prefrontal Cortex Development and Development of Cosnitive Fucntion.
International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences Second Editions, pp. 817-823.
Gullo, M. J. & Dawe, S. (2008). Impulsivity and adolescent substance use: Rashly dismissed as allbad?
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Revies, Volume 32, Issue 8, pp. 1507-1518.
Hamilton, K. R., et al. (2019). Trait impulsivity during early adolescence predicts steepness of alcohol
use escalation across adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, Volume 98.
Hofmann, W., et al. (2009). Impulse and Self-Control From a Dual-Systems Perspective, Perspectives
on Psychological Science, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp. 162-176, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-
Holmes C. et al. (2018). Structural Home Environment Effects on Developmental Trajectories of Self-
Control and Adolescent Risk Taking, Journal of Youth and Adolescence ,Volume 48, pp. 43-55.
Ingmar, H.A., et al. (2008). Impulsivity is associated with behavioral decision-making deficits,
Psychiatry Research Volume 158, Issue 2, pp. 155-163,
Jones, C.J. & Peskin, H. (2017) California Psychological Inventory (CPI). In: Zeigler-Hill, V. &
Shackelford T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham
Van der Linden, Martial & d’Acremont, Mathieu (2004). Adolescent Impulsivity: Findinf From a
Community Sample, Journal of Youth and Adolescence Volume 34, pp. 427-435.
Mischel, W. (2014). Testul bezelei. Traducere de Crisatina Drăgulin, Editura Curtea Veche, pp. 30-34; 53-60.
Moffit T.E. et al. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety,
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (7) pp. 2693-2698.
Rhodes N. & Pivik K. (2011). Age ande gender differences in riscky driving: The roles of positive
affect and risk perception, Accident Analysis & Prevention Volume 43, Issue 3, pp. 923-931.
Sandor S. & Gürvit H. (2019). Development of somatic markers guiding decision-making along
adolescence. International Journal of Psychophysiology Volume 137, pp. 82-91,
Weiser, J. & Reynolds, B. (2011). Impulsivity and Adolescence. Encyclopedia of Adolescence, pp. 187-
Copyright (c) 2021 Cosmina-Marilena Manea
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author fully assumes the content originality and the holograph signature makes him responsible in case of trial.